Normal School science  class, ca. 1876
Classroom, circa 1893
Science laboratory, ca. 1875
Drawing Room models, ca. 1876
Chemistry laboratory, ca. 1876
Lecture Hall, 1927
Drawing class, ca. 1876
Lecture Hall, 1927
Drawing class, ca. 1876
Geology Laboratory/Classroom, 1880s
Normal School Building assembly room, ca. 1875
Normal School art classroom and models, ca. 1876
Normal School class, ca. 1876
Normal School classroom, 1890s
Morning assembly, ca. 1876
Geography class, ca. 1876
Normal School Chemistry laboratory, 1882
A.G. Boyden observing a Training School class, ca. 1895
Normal School classroom, 1880s
Normal School classroom, 1880s
Normal School assembly room, 1880s
Normal School classroom, 1880s
Biology classroom, ca. 1900
Normal School classroom, 1880s
Normal School Biology classroom display case, 1880s
Morning assembly, ca. 1895
Normal School art classroom, ca. 1875
Normal School classroom, ca. 1885
Biology Classroom display case, 1880s
Geology/Science classroom, 1880s
Normal School Geography classroom, 1880s
Normal School classroom, 1880s
Science classroom, 1876
Normal School assembly room, 1880s
Normal School assembly room, 1880s
Normal School classroom, 1880s
Normal School science classroom supplies, 1880s
Manual Arts Classroom, 1880s
Normal School mathematics classroom, 1880s
Normal School Building assembly room, ca. 1900
Classroom, circa 1893

Normal School classroom, circa 1893. A required course for all Normal School students was “The Study of the Science and Art of Teaching.” The Bridgewater Normal School 1896-97 catalog described the course: “Principles of education, as derived from the study of man. The art of teaching. Requisites for exciting right activity in the school, – knowledge of the mind, the pupil, the subject; selection and arrangement of subject-matter; method of teaching; language, voice and manner of the teacher; means of making the teacher impressive; object and method of criticism; teacher’s preparation. Course of studies arranged for the different grades; method of teaching in the studies of the course, and practice with children.”

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Normal School Building assembly room, ca. 1875

Normal School Building assembly room, ca. 1875

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Normal School Building classroom, ca. 1875

Normal School Building Biology class, circa 1900

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Normal School science  class, ca. 1876

Normal School science class, circa 1876. The teacher is Mary H. Leonard, a 1867 graduate of Bridgewater Normal School, and instructor at the school from 1868-1882 and 1883-84.

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Normal School science classroom, 1876

Normal School science classroom, 1876

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Morning assembly, ca. 1895

Bridgewater Normal School morning assembly, ca. 1895. At the left, at the head of the assembly room, are the school's principal, Albert G. Boyden (at desk) and long-serving classics and language instructor, Franz Kirmayer.

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Geography class, ca. 1876

Bridgewater Normal School Geography class, circa 1876.

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Drawing class, ca. 1876

Bridgewater Normal School drawing class, circa 1876. Students at the time received instruction in Drawing four times a week, "including: – Freehand, Memory and Dictation Design, Model and Object, Geometrical Perspective."

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Drawing Room models, ca. 1876

Bridgewater Normal School Drawing Room models, circa 1876. According to the school’s course catalog at that time, “The Art Room is handsomely fitted up and furnished with the best kind of furniture and instruments, with a large number of the finest examples of casts, models, and flat copies, affording excellent facilities for teaching in the various departments of drawing, and furnishing a constant study of art to the members of the School.”

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Morning assembly, ca. 1876

Bridgewater Normal School morning assembly, cIRCA 1876.

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Normal School class, ca. 1876

Bridgewater State Normal School principal Arthur G. Boyden teaching a class, circa 1876. Boyden graduated from the Bridgewater State Normal School in 1849. He joined the faculty of the school in 1857 during the principalship of Marshall Conant. In 1860, Boyden was appointed Principal of the School, a position he held until 1906. In addition to his duties as Principal, Boyden taught Psychology, Didactics, Bookkeeping, and Rhetoric.

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Drawing class, ca. 1876

Bridgewater Normal School drawing class, circa 1876. Eliza B. Woodward, an 1857 graduate, taught Drawing at Bridgewater State Normal School from 1857-1887.

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Chemistry laboratory, ca. 1876

Bridgewater Normal School Chemistry laboratory, ca. 1895. The course catalog at the time asserted that “the Laboratory has been enlarged and furnished, so that each member of the class has a place at the chemical tables, and all perform experiments at the same time.”

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Science laboratory, ca. 1875

Science laboratory, ca. 1875.

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Lecture Hall, 1927

Lecture Hall (opposite the Library), Administration building, 1927.

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Lecture Hall, 1927

Lecture Hall (opposite the Library), Administration building, 1927.

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Normal School classroom, 1890s

Normal School classroom, 1890s. The blackboard displays a foreign language lesson.

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Normal School art classroom and models, ca. 1876

Normal School art classroom and models, circa 1876.

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Normal School Chemistry laboratory, 1882

Normal School Chemistry laboratory, 1882.

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A.G. Boyden observing a Training School class, ca. 1895

A. G. Boyden observing Training School Kindergarten class, circa 1895. The purpose of the model school was “to exemplify the mode of conducting a good public school, and to train the normal students in observing and teaching children.”

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Normal School classroom, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School classroom, 1880s. The blackboard is filled with a “General Outline of the Work of the School” and the “Plan for the Study of Mental Powers.”

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Normal School classroom, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School classroom, 1880s. On the blackboard are lessons for “Vocal Culture and Reading,” “Rhetoric,” and “English Literature.”

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Normal School classroom, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School classroom, 1880s.

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Normal School classroom, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School classroom, 1880s.

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Normal School Biology classroom display case, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School Biology classroom display case, 1880s.

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Normal School classroom, ca. 1885

Bridgewater Normal School classroom, circa 1885. The instructor on the right is Clara Prince, a 1875 graduate of the Bridgewater Normal School, and a Vocal Music and Algrebra teacher at the Normal School from 1879-1916.

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Biology Classroom display case, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School Biology classroom display case, 1880s.

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Geology/Science classroom, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School Geology/Science classroom, 1880s.

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Normal School Geography classroom, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School Geography classroom, 1880s. The curriculum for the study of geography at the time included: “Geographical objects, –bodies of land, bodies of water, projections of land and water, forms of water, climate, soil, productions, people. Map symbols. The earth as a whole, –form, rotation, land and water divisions, coast line, relief, drainage, climate, soil, productions, people. A continent as a whole, –position, relative size, form, relief, drainage, climate, soil, productions, people, countries, places of special interest. Study of a country, of a particular section, by the same general method. Scientific Course. –Definition and division of geography; the earth as a sphere, distribution of light and heat; comparison of parts of the land; the sea; the atmosphere; life of the continents; the study of each continent. Preparation of apparatus for teaching by the students in both courses.”

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Normal School classroom, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School classroom, 1880s.

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Normal School assembly room, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School assembly room, 1880s.

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Normal School assembly room, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School assembly room, 1880s.

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Normal School classroom, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School classroom, 1880s.

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Normal School assembly room, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School assembly room, 1880s.

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Normal School science classroom supplies, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School science classroom and laboratory supplies, 1880s.

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Manual Arts Classroom, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School Manual Arts Classroom, 1880s.

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Normal School mathematics classroom, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School Mathematics classroom, 1880s.

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Normal School Building assembly room, ca. 1900

Bridgewater Normal School Building assembly room, ca. 1900.

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Normal School art classroom, ca. 1875

Bridgewater Normal School art and drawing classroom, ca. 1875.

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Geology Laboratory/Classroom, 1880s

Bridgewater Normal School Geology Laboratory/Classroom, 1880s.

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